Nineveh has a long history that dates back to the fifth millennium BC. The rich resources, fertile soil and varied climate made it the best habitat for the old man. The first ploughing woman is Hassonah whose portrait is the oldest one discovered in a village named now after her name. In Hassonah, discovered agriculture equipments and crops depositories go back around 7500 BC. The village is 7 km from Shoura district.
The gold and silver jewelry discovered in Assyria, Nineveh, and Nimrod show the great interest in the fine arts and adornments that were and still are in Nineveh. That interest and the skills are bequeathed to the posterity.
The center of Nineveh, Mosul was surnamed by the Arab because it connects the East and the West. Also, they called it al-Hadbaa (the hunchback) because it has a lighthouse in the Grand Noori Mosque, a lighthouse that is curved like the Tigris. Um Al-rabiayin (mother of the two Springs) is another name given Mosul for Autumn there is as cool and beautiful as Spring.