College of Engineering was established in 1963, beginning with Department of Civil Engineering, and was affiliated with University of Baghdad at that time, in order to prepare the required engineering staff and cadres. In September 1964, Department of Electrical Engineering was added. After the establishment of University of Mosul on April 1st, 1967, College of Engineering became one of the colleges affiliated to University of Mosul. The first class in Department of Civil Engineering was graduated in the same year. Then it was decided to open new departments to be added to the Deanship of College of Engineering, which are mechanical engineering and agricultural engineering (currently, Dams and water resources engineering), in September of the same year.
In 1978, Department of Architectural Engineering was opened, then new departments were introduced, such as Department of Computer Engineering in 1998, and in 2005 Department of Mechatronics Engineering was opened. In 2011, Department of Environmental Engineering was opened. Thus, College of Engineering currently includes eight specialized scientific departments containing various laboratories and workshops that support studies.